From 2019 EJI Calendar
1902: A mob of 200 white people seizes a black man, Thomas Brown, from jail and lynches him on the courthouse lawn after he is accused of assault in Nicholasville, Kentucky.
From EJI Timeline
On February 6, 1902, Thomas Brown, a 19-year-old black man, was seized from a jail cell and lynched on the lawn of the Jessamine County Courthouse in Nicholasville, Kentucky. Thomas had been arrested for an alleged assault on a white woman but never had the chance to stand trial.
The deep racial hostility that permeated Southern society during this time period often served to focus suspicion on black communities after a crime was discovered or alleged, whether evidence supported that suspicion or not. Almost twenty-five percent of all lynchings involved allegations of inappropriate behavior between a black man and a white woman which would be characterized as “assault” or “sexual assault. The mere accusation of sexual impropriety regularly aroused violent mobs and ended in lynching. Allegations against black people were rarely subject to scrutiny.
On the night of the lynching, a mob of 200 white men assembled at the jail and seized Thomas Brown from police. They then hung him from a tree in front of the county courthouse. Though news reports identified the young woman’s brother as a leader of the mob, no one was ever prosecuted for Thomas Brown’s murder and authorities concluded that he “met death by strangulation at the hands of parties unknown.”
During this era of racial terror, it was quite common for lynch mobs to include prominent community members, and for the local press and police to help conceal lynchers’ identities to ensure no one was punished or held accountable.